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新生兒名字的來源

來源:chinadaily 編輯:Villa   可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

During boom times, Americans tend to give their children more uncommon names, prize autonomy and independence in child-rearing, and favor music featuring self-oriented lyrics.

經濟繁榮的時候,美國人愛給孩子取個性化的名字,看重孩子的獨立自主能力的培育,愛聽“自我向”的歌(歌詞常見I, me, my這類詞)。

Conversely, during recessions, Americans tend to focus more on fitting in, give their children more common names, listen to more relationally oriented music, and encourage their children to get along with others.

與之相反,美國人經濟蕭條時則更關注融入(羣體),喜歡給孩子取常見的名字,愛聽“關係向”的歌曲(歌詞常見we, us, our這類詞),鼓勵孩子與他人好好相處。

Emily measured individualism by looking at social security data to see what parents named their kids during good and bad economic times.

艾米麗透過社會安全數據來研究個人主義,觀察經濟情況好時與差時父母給孩子們都取了什麼名字。

Emily found that when the economy is doing well, parents are more likely to give their kids unique names — "I'm looking at you, Blue Ivy". When the economy is struggling, parents choose from a smaller set of more common names, which are often biblical names.

艾米麗發現,國家經濟狀況好時,父母更常給孩子取獨特的名字——“我看着你呢!藍常春藤”。如果經濟狀況不好,父母則會從一小組常見名字裏給孩子選名字,通常是聖經裏的名字。

It used to be that, in the 1950s, one out of 15 boys would receive the most common name. Fast forward to 2013, it was one out of 75 boys that receive the most common name of their birth year.

20世紀50年代,15個男孩裏就有一個男孩會叫常見名。到了2013年,多達75個男孩裏才會有一個叫常見名。

Parents draw baby name inspiration from a variety of sources — family history, pop culture, literature and even food. For many, geography offers meaningful ideas. Many parents are picking the names of US states and capital cities.

父母們從各種各樣的來源——家族歷史、流行文化、文學甚至食物——中獲得嬰兒名字的靈感。對許多人來説,地理領域有不少有意義的名字。許多家長常挑選美國各州和首府的名字作人名。

James

詹姆斯

James is an English derivation of the Hebrew name Jacob. James is biblical (the name of two apostles in the New Testament), royal (kings of both England and Scotland), and it is shared by countless great writers and entertainers.

詹姆斯(James)是希伯來名字雅各布(Jacob)的英文衍生名。詹姆斯不僅出現在聖經裏(新約中兩個門徒的名字),還是皇室名(英格蘭和蘇格蘭的國王),另外還有無數偉大的作家和藝人都叫James。

Noah

諾亞

Noah was derived from the Hebrew name Noach, meaning "rest". In the bible, Noah was deemed the only righteous man of his time, singled out by God to survive the great flood sent to punish the world.

諾亞(Noah)源於希伯來名Noach,意思是“休息”。聖經中,諾亞被認為是他那個時代唯一正直的人,因此才被上帝挑選出來,在被派來懲罰世界的大洪水中倖存下來。

Elizabeth

伊麗莎白

It means "pledged to God". Elizabeth is derived from the Hebrew name Elisheva, formed by the components' el, meaning "God", and shava', "oath".

伊麗莎白(Elizabeth)意思是“向上帝發誓”。伊麗莎白來自希伯來名以利舍瓦(Elisheva),由“el”,意思是“上帝”,和沙瓦,意思是“誓言”,組成。

If we take this idea of increasing communal orientation, decreasing individualism, seriously, the findings that I have looked at suggest that we would also anticipate that we're going to see more caring and more supportive work relationships in the next couple of decades – to the extent that people are less narcissistic.

如果我們把個人主義式微且人們更向羣體偏轉這個觀點當真的話,那麼我所看到的研究結果表明,我們可以預計在未來幾十年裏,人們會發現彼此都沒那麼自戀了,關懷和支持性的工作關係變多了。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
security [si'kju:riti]

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n. 安全,防護措施,保證,抵押,債券,證券

 
measured ['meʒəd]

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adj. 量過的,慎重的,基於標準的,有韻律的 動詞me

 
narcissistic [,nɑ:si'sistik]

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adj. 自戀的;自我陶醉的

 
individualism [indi'vidjuəlizəm]

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n. 個人主義

 
inspiration [.inspə'reiʃən]

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n. 靈感,吸入,鼓舞人心(的東西)

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variety [və'raiəti]

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n. 多樣,種類,雜耍

 
oath [əuθ]

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n. 誓言,誓約,咒罵語

 
orientation [.ɔ:rien'teiʃən]

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n. 信仰,趨向,定位,適應,情況介紹
[計算

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uncommon [ʌn'kɔmən]

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adj. 不尋常的,不凡的,罕有的

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righteous ['raitʃəs]

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adj. 公正的,公義的,當然的

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